A bunion is a bony lump that grows on the side of the foot and is progressive in it’s development. The most common bunion is also known as hallux valgus. This bony lump is formed when the big toe starts to turn towards the other toes and the joint connecting the toe to the rest of the foot becomes swollen, red and sore. As well as pain a bunion can cause difficulty walking due to reduced motion in the big toe and arthritis. People with hallux valgus are also at an increased risk of hammer toes and metatarsalgia.
A less common type of bunion is known as a tailor’s bunion or bunionette. This is where the bunion appears at the little toe joint. As with hallux valgus this can cause the joint to become swollen, red and sore.
Bunions are often a genetic trait but can also be caused by factors such as poor foot biomechanics, wearing tight ill-fitting shoes, especially high heels or rheumatoid arthritis. If poor foot biomechanics such as flat feet is a factor then an appropriate insole to hold the foot in an improved position can help ease the symptoms of the bunion. Shoes with a wide, deep toe box are usually necessary to accommodate the deformity and reduce rubbing and pressure over the affected joint.
Would you like to know more about common foot pain problems before making a choice? You may find one of the following blog articles useful:
Achilles Tendonitis Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Achilles Tendonitis?’ blog to find out more.
Diabetic Neuropathy Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Diabetic Neuropathy?’ blog to find out more.
Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction?’ blog to find out more.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Click here to read our ‘Foot Pain – Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome?’ blog to find out more.